fire protection safety manual

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fire protection safety manual

It may also include general safety procedures that are observed at all times. Examples of what should be included in fire safety manuals include: These doors should be kept closed. Workers should also know where fire extinguishers, hoses and blankets are kept so they can be located quickly if needed. Fire extinguishers should be serviced by a qualified technician on a regular basis. Furniture or supplies should never be placed in front of a designated fire door. Combustible materials, such as oily rags, should never be left out on a surface. Instead, they should be placed inside a covered container when not in use. Keeping the work area neat and free from clutter will help to lower the risk of a fire. All employees can play a part in fire safety by making sure their work area is kept clean and by picking up litter as necessary. When the fire alarm sounds, everyone in the building should make their way calmly to the closet fire exit. Before opening a door, touch the surface. If the door feels warm, don't open it. This is a sign that the fire is close. Opening the door will cause a rush of air to flow toward the flames, which may result in a fireball. Move away from the hot door and look for an alternate way to get out of the building. If you suspect a fire, stay out of the elevator. It will go to the floor where the fire is located and stop there. Fire blankets can be wrapped around the victim to help to extinguish the flames. Once you have left the building, move a safe distance away from it. Don't go back inside for any reason until you have been told that it is safe to do so by a Fire Department official. Managers and employees should be encouraged to read them at regular intervals so they are familiar with the correct procedures to follow in case of a fire emergency. Fire safety procedures should be part of the training provided to new workers as well.

Along with reviewing the fire safety manual regularly, fire drills should be conducted to ensure that all employees know how to exit the building quickly and efficiently. Some drills can be announced in advance to make employees aware of the event, while others should be given without warning. If a real fire broke out, workers wouldn't have any notice, and they need to be prepared to take appropriate action if the fire alarm sounds. Following its instructions means that employees can take measures to prevent fires, as well as know what to do if a fire starts while they are on the job. Why wasn't this page useful? All Rights Reserved. Access to this website will be unavailable during this time. The plan will outline: A safe and orderly way for occupants to evacuate the building. Proper maintenance and housekeeping required to prevent fires. Methods of control that minimize the damage from fires when they do occur. Fire safety plans are often required by your local Fire Code, especially for certain buildings and occupancy rates. Check with your jurisdiction, municipality, or local fire department for further information.Conducting an audit or review of the property or business will help identify factors that could affect fire safety. While specific requirements may vary by jurisdiction, in general, a fire safety plan should include: Emergency procedures to be used in case of fire, including how to: sound the alarm, notify the fire department, building or business officials, or other designated staff as specified in the plan (e.g., all telephones on site should have the emergency phone numbers listed and the address of the property posted close by), evacuate occupants (e.g., procedures occupants should follow when the fire alarm sounds), evacuate persons who may need assistance, and confine, control, and extinguish the fire where possible. How, and how often fire drills will be conducted.

Information for any designated staff who have been given fire safety duties and responsibilities. Organization, education, and training for staff with fire safety duties. Information and actions to take to prevent or control fire hazards for that building or business, where appropriate. Other staff education and training that may be necessary. Detailed maintenance procedures for fire protection systems. Diagrams and instructions about the type, location, and operation of any fire or emergency systems. Identification of alternative fire safety measures. Allow fire department access to the building and to the fire location within the building. Examples of content for the plan may include instructions such as: If you discover a fire: Leave the fire area immediately. If safe to do so, assist anyone in immediate danger. Close all doors behind you to confine the fire. Use exit stairwells to leave the building. Leave the building immediately. Close all doors behind you to confine the fire. Use exit stairwells to leave the building. If designated with fire emergency duties, carry out pre-planned procedures if safe to do so. In the event of a fire: Do not use the elevator(s). Do not re-enter the building until the fire marshal or respective supervisory staff announces that it is safe to do so. Methods required to prevent fires (e.g., storage of items, etc.) Has the fire safety plan been communicated to every employee or occupant. Communicate fire safety plan and emergency response procedures to all employees and contractors. Conduct fire drills at least twice a year (or as required by local jurisdiction) Observe the response to fire drills, and adjust the plan as necessary to ensure its effectiveness What information is needed when calling for emergency services. For example: provide education and training to all designated employees on the type and correct use of fire extinguishers.

For example: fire wardens must be educated and trained in how to clear an area quickly and other related duties. Are appropriate inspections conducted. All aisles, emergency exits, fire extinguishers, etc.Each building must have at least two means of escape separate from each other Fire doors must not be left open unless equipped with self-closing mechanisms. Fire doors must be kept free of obstructions that would prevent the door from closing Exit doors must open in an emergency (not permanently locked or chained closed) Exit doors must be properly marked with signs indicating they are exits from the building Is appropriate emergency lighting in place. Install and maintain adequate emergency lighting to cover stair cases, washrooms, meeting rooms, parking lots, exits, etc. Fire Extinguishers Are fire extinguishers clearly marked. Mark all fire extinguishers clearly with the class of fire for which it is appropriate Are fire extinguishers properly installed. Install fire extinguishers as per the Fire Code Must be kept free of obstructions for easy access Are fire extinguishers inspected regularly. Are smoke and fire alarms in place. Provide and maintain adequate fire alarms and smoke alarms according to the Fire Code Test periodically (monthly) or as according to your jurisdiction If smoke alarm is battery operated, do not remove batteries unless they are replaced immediately with fresh batteries The best checklist for your workplace is one that has been developed for your specific needs. You can add or delete information in this checklist to match your workplace. Use the checklist and answer yes or no to the questions. Possible controls as suggestions for corrective actions are also given. Isolate operations Do not store any combustible items near these operations Clean equipment and work areas before and after each use so that they are free from dusts and oil particles Are all sources of ignition identified. Identify all sources of ignition (e.g.

, sparks, welding, smoking, hot plates, pilot lights, space heaters, boilers, furnace, etc.) Make sure combustible or flammable items are not stored near ignition sources Ensure appropriate fire walls are erected around hot equipment when required Check ventilation rates for equipment and repair where appropriate Are operations involving hot work such as welding, grinding or cooking considered as potential source of fire hazard. Make sure all the equipment and accessories used in hot work are in good working condition Separate hot work areas from other operations Keep combustible or flammable materials away from hot work areas Develop safe work procedures for operations involving hot work Use a “fire watch” attendant as necessary Use appropriate personal protective equipment such as face shield, respirators, eye protection, etc. Has the use of a space heater been identified as a fire hazard. Perform a Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) audit to ensure the unit is functioning correctly and the space is being heated properly If a space heater is still required, develop guidelines about their safe use Include storage guidelines for combustible items within a certain distance of a heat source that complies with local Building and Fire Codes Electrical Is all wiring installed properly and appropriate to the current or voltage ratings. Make sure that all electrical systems are installed and function according to any Codes that may apply Identify and replace wiring that is not appropriate for the loads they are carrying Repair or replace any exposed wiring Do not overload electrical equipment or electrical outlets Replace extension cords that are being used for long term purposes with permanent wiring. Identify all flammable and combustible materials. Examples include: paints, degreasers, parts washers solvent, alcohol based cleaners, aerosols, etc.

Maintain an inventory with the quantity, location of use, and storage Include all quantities such as small pails or cans Are precautions for flammable and combustible materials taken. Do not use combustible or flammable materials for cleaning purposes where possible (e.g., do not use gasoline and other flammable solvents) Do not heat cleaning agents, or use on hot surfaces or near open flames Areas where solvents are used must be well ventilated Place rags in designated covered metal containers until the rags can be properly cleaned or disposed Remove clothing that becomes contaminated with a cleaning agent as soon as possible and clean as directed by the manufacturer of the product Are precautions taken when dispensing containers of flammable liquids that generate static or sparks. Containers or process equipment must be properly bonded and grounded to a receiving container before dispensing, transfer or collection of flammable liquids Are flammable and combustible materials stored and used in a safe manner.

Do not allow hot work, flames, or smoking in flammable or combustible material storage areas Do not store other combustible materials near flammable storage areas or lockers Separate flammable liquid transfer areas from other operations by distance or by fire walls with the proper fire resistance Make sure there are routes of exit for the rooms in which flammable or combustible materials are stored or handled Exits must be located so that occupants can exit quickly and not be trapped in the event of fire Use explosion-resistant light fixtures in storage rooms Store flammable liquids in approved flammable storage lockers, or containers Bulk drums of flammable liquids must be grounded and bonded during dispensing Large bulk storage of gasoline, diesel, or oil must be kept in above ground tanks When not in use, keep flammable liquids in covered containers Clean the spills promptly Keep combustible waste material and residues to a minimum, store in covered metal receptacles, and dispose daily Make sure appropriate fire extinguishers are mounted within the required distance for both indoor and outdoor areas containing flammable liquids. Check your local Fire Code for specifications Provide appropriate ventilation, including continuous mechanical exhaust ventilation system for every indoor storage room Contact us to let us know. CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or. Find out in this quick guide. Need better organization? 5S might be right for you. Learn about the culture of Kaizen and how it can benefit your organization. Unlike Kaizen, 3P focuses on breakthrough changes in the production process. Shop Fire Safety Products With that goal in mind, OSHA has a series of requirements focused on fire prevention. These standards help show employers how they can reduce the risk of fire and how they can ensure employees will be as safe as possible should a fire break out. The regulations for compliance are found under section 1910.39 from OSHA.

This will help reduce the risk of a fire occurring in the facility in a variety of ways. This plan should include instructions for how to reduce the risk of a fire in the workplace, as well as training for employees on what they can do to avoid making fires. Many employers have a physical copy of their fire prevention plan in their office and then also make it available digitally either on their corporate website or on their internal intranet. As a written plan, the fire prevention plan must use language that the average person can easily understand. These are just the minimum areas that must be covered. Employers may choose to include other information in their plan where they feel it is necessary. The five required points are: Along with each of the hazards, there must be instructions for how these hazards should be handled and stored. Detailed information such as how the hazards could ignite and what fire protection is needed when working with them should be included as well. Having a strong understanding of things like how much heat a given machine should be producing, how to measure this heat, and ignition points for fuel sources is critical to avoiding fires. OSHA doesn't have specific requirements in place since training needs vary greatly from facility to facility. Some standard training that employees should have, however, includes: This includes what type of fire extinguisher is needed based on the source of the fire. These items are generally broken down by classification of the risk. Items found in each of the following fire classifications should be included in the plan: Examples include paper, cloth, and wood. The electrical current can cause a fire very quickly should there be damage or other malfunction. Arc flashes, for example, are a serious risk of class C materials. This includes sodium, potassium, zirconium, and magnesium. Every facility will have a unique set of potential ignition sources included.

The following are some examples of ignition sources that should be included: Some items can also be considered ignition sources only in some situations. A light bulb, for example, doesn't produce enough heat to ignite things in most areas, but when there are highly flammable gases in the area, that may not be the case. Each facility needs to evaluate all potential ignition sources and include those that present any elevated risk. There are many approved options depending on the type of facility. Fire suppression systems should be included in the fire prevention plan. They need to be located throughout the facility, especially in areas where there is a higher-than-normal risk of fire. Fire extinguishers are typically hung on walls or pillars. In order to make them more visible, it is also necessary to have safety signs or labels above the extinguishers themselves. This will help ensure people can locate them when they are needed. These sprinklers can use water or other fire suppression liquids or foams when necessary. These systems need to be hooked up to smoke or heat detectors so they engage automatically when a fire is present. It should also show whether the entire system will engage at once or if it is a zoned system that only activates certain areas based on the location of the fire. These requirements are regulated outside of the 1910.39 standard, but they are closely associated. The emergency exit plan (as well as fire exit drill plans) should be included in the official written fire prevention plan. Some of the key requirements for emergency exits include: For large areas with high numbers of people, additional options are recommended. This includes doors, windows, and other routes identified as exit points. Training employees on how they should be respond can save lives as well as the facility itself. The first thing an employee should do when a fire is discovered is pull the fire alarm.

This will alert people to get to safety and also notify the area fire department to come assist as quickly as possible. This should only be done as long as they are able to stay safe and maintain an escape route should the fire get out of control. If they do not have a reasonable ability to put the fire out or contain it, they too should exit the facility as quickly as possible to avoid the risk of injury from either the fire or the smoke produced. Learn more. It is a hazard not only for workers but potentially for the nearby general public as well. Fire can result in serious injuries or even fatalities. Workplace fires can also cause extensive property damage, and can render the worksite either destroyed or out of service indefinitely. For these reasons, an effective workplace fire evacuation plan is important. Where to go? How to proceed? Whom to contact? The best way to ensure this is the case, is to have a thorough, proactive workplace fire evacuation plan in place. While there are essential elements to any fire evacuation plan, certain components of your fire evacuation plan must be customized to your workplace. Why is this the case. No two workplaces are the same. The fire hazards in your workplace, along with impediments to safe fire evacuation, are unique to your workplace or job site. As part of manager due diligence, a proactive approach to fire safety is thus called for. For construction sites where the configuration and environment of the work site is dynamic and evolving, frequent updates to the fire evacuation plan are necessary. Literally practice, in this case, as your team must practice fire drills on a regular basis. Effective fire drills are an integral part of your workplace safety plan. Fire drills help save lives and protect infrastructure by getting the whole team on board with fire safety in the workplace. Be sure to familiarize yourself and your co-workers with your company’s fire procedure.

If procedures are being ignored or are unclear, check out our article on site audits. Next we’ll explore some key universal safety procedures and tips for fire safety at your workplace. Essential Fire Evacuation Safety for Every Worksite No matter the size, shape or scope of your workplace or job site, there are essential fire evacuation steps to be taken by every team, organization or company. Know the location of the fire extinguishers in the workplace. Every worker must be aware where the nearest extinguisher is at all times. Know where your nearest emergency exits are. Know the difference between alarm signals to quickly recognize the situation. Knowing all of these can make all the difference in saving lives and preventing unnecessary damage. Alert all other individuals within the workplace by activating the nearest fire alarm, shouting clearly or by using other procedures set in place by your company. Use the nearest exit to evacuate the workplace. Use a fire extinguisher to put the fire out. Tips for Better Fire Evacuation of a Worksite Stay calm and evacuate the building immediately when you hear the fire alarm. For more check out our blog on evacuation checklists and procedures. Have the team go to their designated assembly point, then alert relevant supervisors that team members are safe and have successfully evacuated outside the building or work site. Workplace Fire Evacuation Plans Are Integral to Your Workplace Safety Program A workplace assessment for fire safety should be done for every new site or when your current site undergoes changes. All fire extinguishers should be routinely inspected. A safe workplace is essential. Ensuring that you have the right safety procedures and policies for things such as working at heights, first aid CPR, confined space entry, as well as things like WHMIS-GHS can create a positive work environment that is safe and productive.

Advanced Consulting and Training’s team of workplace safety professionals takes great pride in our ability to deliver prompt, cost-effective and relevant workplace health and safety solutions. As a MOL-approved, TSSA-accredited and WSIB-approved provider, we look forward to discussing how ACT can help with your company’s safety requirements. Contact us today to find out how ACT can help your workplace with fire safety training, consulting and much more. Read More 5 Essential Tips for Having Proper Fire-Prevention Equipment Read More Do You Have a Workplace Fire Safety Plan. K2E 7Z1 (613) 225-5169 1-888-899-7772 (613) 225-6409 Navigation Home Safety Consulting Safety Programs Specialty Training Blog About ACT FAQ Contact Us Specialty Safety Services Customized Safety Training Programs Customized Construction Safety Audits Confined Space Inventory and Management Bilingual Instructors CPO Approved, TSSA, and WSIB Safety Programs Get the latest updates: Get in touch Select a Service. All Rights Reserved. Online Marketing by WebMarketers. The supervisor or person responsibleDuring emergencies other than fire, the possibilityIn those instances where a general evacuationThe followingExit routes have been posted in all classrooms,A designated assembly area shallThe assistant shallClose all doors on the way outIf the MSDS cannot be located in time,The written procedure and associated trainingFor more information on developing spill response procedures, see the AmericanSupervisors must ensure that everyoneIf a spill or release is immediately dangerous to life or health OR on-site personnelExplain what happened and tell them what is being done inExplain what happened and tell them what is being done inA separate report must be submitted for each injured employee.This meeting shallCabinets with doors or drawers will not be approvedNo lights or lighted decorations may be.